Well, let’s talk about bows and muskets. Now in my Napoleonic infantry video, many people noted, “why use muskets at all if they’re so inaccurate?” Well there are many different factors actually to consider here. First off, damage. A musket ball does tissue damage and inflicts a major shock on the person who’s wounded. And for an arrow actually, the main issue with an arrow is if it hits you, if it hits something important like artery or something it inflicts major damage, but without that the damage is actually limited. They are more for incapacitating the combatant later on, because the barb usually sticks in and it’s hard to remove. But, you can get hit with an arrow in battle and still continue to fight whereas a musket ball, this is rather difficult to handle. Now the next thing is of course, which is very often mentioned, is training. For instance crossbows were to a certain degree introduced because they were easier to train people with than with bows. Of course there’s some discrepancy because some people think okay, actually the training part is not that vital and also a musket is quite complicated to handle all the stuff, how to load and everything. But there’s another thing that’s very important which is attacked later on. It’s there’s a different methodology. Basically, arrows were, or bows were mostly used in indirect fire role verses muskets were used line of sight. So there’s a complete different training and approach to everything. Now another aspect is very important is logistics. Because arrows, mass-producing arrows is quite complicated. Arrows were made by arrow fletchers and this is a quite complicated process, whereas gunpowder and musket balls were way easier to mechanize, mechanize the production in large-scale and the same goes for supply. Arrows in bulk, they need a lot of space, whereas powder and musket balls can easily be put in less smaller spaces. So, supply and logistics is always an important factor in major scale warfare. For Robin Hood maybe that’s not so important. And, speaking of Robin Hood, let’s look at accuracy. The thing is, archers mostly fired volleys in indirect fashion in a large amount. The same goes for muskets, rows are firing in a large amount, but so accuracy is less important. You don’t go out like Robin Hood and shoot one soldier at a time. You firing at mass of enemy infantry or enemy archers. It’s just, it’s mass combat, so accuracy is less important. And it was also not very high considering that you fire in an indirect way with an arrow. Now the next is of course rate of fire. Bows have a higher rate of fire well theoretically. Because, over the stretch of a long battle, the exhaustion is probably quite high. The thing is with a bow you have in order to aim, even if you’re commanded to do so in volley fire, you have to hold it for a while. And this causes exhaustion whereas a musket, you can aim, quite long. It’s just the weight of the musket and not the whole form and we noticed that skeletons of archers usually were a bit disformed from the bone structure and everything so this was quite a heavy job. And, there’s also another factor here, which you can say, well it really depends. While you’re going for peak performance at a certain point for instance a high rate of fire for like a few minutes. If this is really what you’re going for you’re probably better off with archers. But if you want to have a consistency over a long time you probably better off with muskets. Of course there could be other factors I haven’t considered yet. But this is always the trade-off, you go in for peak performance for a certain amount of time, then how long? Or you go for consistency over a long time. And the consistency is, I think, more provided by the musket. And there’s of course then the effect of weather where many people note, “well, if there’s rain, then your musket will not fire.” That’s correct, but the sinew of your bow will also not work. Because, they don’t work if they are wet or they get damaged. So, and the same goes with wind. An arrow is more affected by the wind than a musket ball. And now the final point is morale. If somebody gets hits to you in combat. Next you have an arrow it, he probably screams and everything, but if it gets hit near musket ball, the shock and everything is way higher, and we also need to consider the time. We all know now, Fireweapons they’re quite common, but back then they were not that common there was no video or stuff. Suddenly the guy next to you drops, and you can’t see why, it’s probably also quite, has a greater impact on morale, than if just drops and you see the arrow or something. Then also is the passing noise. The noise is really important because we have, I think, a born fear of loud noises and arrow is pretty silent, worse, gunshots are not. So if you’re charging an enemy and suddenly they fire at you and a few people of your comrades drop and all you see smoke and loud noises; this is quite different than if you charge and there’s a few arrows coming, or many arrows, and a few of your guys drop. The morale impact is way different. The loudness, the passing noise, and when suppression fire. I don’t know if you can do suppression fire with arrows, because it’s about psychologically impact. But with a musket, I think, it’s at least easier to do. So I hope this cleared up a few questions that were ringing around in my comment section. Also be sure to check out my video on Napoleonic infantry warfare. Or, my video on the medieval archer. Note, those are a little bit older, but I think they still quite valid. Thank you for watching and see you next time.