The Rules of Archery – EXPLAINED!
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The Rules of Archery – EXPLAINED!

August 14, 2019


Ninh explains, the Rules of Archery
The object of the game is to score more points than your opponent. Archery, sometimes referred to as ‘Olympic’
or ‘Target Archery’ is a sport where you use a bow, to shoot arrows into a target. The main two competition bows are a recurve
bow, where the arms of the bow bend back. And a compound bow where the bowstring is
drawn using pulleys. There are separate competitions for both types
of bow. Modern arrows are made of fibreglass, aluminium
or carbon fibre. The target is segregated into colours and
bands. The closer to the middle of the target, the
higher the number of points are scored. In individual competition, one archer competes
against another archer. The first competitor shoots an arrow into
their target. The opponent then shoots their arrow into
their target. The cycle alternates until both archers have
shot 3 or 6 arrows each. This is known as an end. In team competition, three archers compete
against another 3 archers. The first team all shoot an arrow each into
the target. Then, it’s the opposing’s teams turn to
do the same. The cycle alternates until all archers have
shot 2 arrows each, which is 6 arrows in total. This is an end. Scores are added up, and the person or team
who has the most amount of points out of all the arrows … wins the end. If both archers or both teams have the same
number of points, the end is declared as a draw. Winning the required number of ends, wins
the contest. Rather confusingly, there are many different
forms of archery. But the two being covered in this video are
indoor and outdoor target archery. The rules are different for both and I’ll
try and explain what those differences are now. Outdoor Archery
The most popular version of target archery is outdoor archery, as contested in the Olympic
Games. The target is a maximum 122cm in diameter. The target is large, but so is the distance
towards it. The standard Olympic distance is 70m, but
competition distance can go anywhere up to 90m. When shooting outdoors, you have to adjust
for wind, weather and inclement temperature as they all have an influence on the flight
of your arrows. Indoor Archery
When shooting indoors, you do not have to worry about the wind and weather affecting
your arrows. And the distance to the target is much shorter
– 18m or 25m. However the targets themselves are smaller. Much smaller! (40cm) And there’s lots of
them. In Indoor Archery, you must shoot one arrow
into each target, in any order you wish. In both forms of Archery, if an arrow breaks
or touches a line, the score is classed as the higher of the two scores. That’s pretty much it, but there’s a few
other things you need to know before playing or watching Archery. For example … Set System
Competitions use the set system will score 2 sets points for every end that you win,
and 1 point for every draw. 6 set points are required to win an individual
contest, and 5 set points are required to win the team competition. Shooting Order
Shooting last can be advantage. The person or team with the lesser score,
always shoots first. If scores are tied, it reverts back to the
original shooting order. Tiebreaker
In some competitions, there are no draws. In this case, they will use a tiebreaker system
to decide who wins. The archer who shoots the most inner 10’s
or 10’s is declared the winner. Alternatively, each competitor shoots one
single arrow. The archer whose arrow lands closest to the
middle of the target, wins the entire contest. Time Limit
In Outdoor Archery, the maximum time permitted to shoot an end of three arrows is two minutes,
and four minutes for an end of six arrows. In Indoor Archery, you have 20 seconds to
shoot each arrow. Robin Hood
In the rare case that you shoot an arrow into another arrow, this counts! The arrow shot will score the same number
of points as the arrow in which they are embedded into. This is the famous ‘Robin Hood’ shot. If you have found this video at all helpful,
please be sure to like share and subscribe. It takes me ages to make one of these things
and good karma is very much appreciated. Be sure to follow me on Twitter also, but
in the meantime – enjoy Archery. Ninh Ly – www.ninh.co.uk – @NinhLyUK

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  1. most tedious game ever especially for a former archer like me. love the video though you did leave out a very important rule.

  2. Ninh explains – The Rules of Archery, starring my future wife Chang Hye-Jin (wishful thinking, I know).
    As contested in the Olympic Games, there's actually several forms of archery, but this video covers indoor and outdoor target archery. Hope you guys find this video helpful?!

  3. As a target archer I'm going to get really pedantic about this, but this video was still great.

    Firstly, this video should really be called "The Rules of Head to Head Archery" (or something similar), because target archery is typically not in a head to head format, but in rounds (For example a WA1440 round is 12doz arrows at 4 different distances), and the Olympics and other large tournaments (in this context different from competitions) have a ranking round shot at the start, giving archers seeds for the head to heads.

    The size of the face (the paper "face" attached to the "boss" (the straw or foam block the arrows stop in)) and distance (outside) are usually set depending on the bowstyle, Recurve a 122cm face at 70m, and compound a 80cm face at 50m.

    The Set point system is nearly universal, and 90% of big tournaments use that scoring method.

    No offence here (as I'm sure it must be basically impossible to find good sources for these), but the timing section you mentioned is completely wrong for outside as it's been confused with shooting rounds. Inside or Outside, you receive 20 seconds to shoot each arrow, although you may nock an arrow (place an arrow on the bow) before your opponent has shot. That figure of 2/4 minutes has come from shooting rounds, having 4 mins for 6 arrows and 2 mins for 3 arrows.

    The faces used for indoors you mentioned are referred to as "triple spots" and are not used to make it more difficult, but to make sure extremely consistent archers don't "Robin Hood" (shoot and smash) all their arrows, which would happen if they used a single spot face (one gold, one red etc.)

    That's about all that needs to be mentioned, but still a great video, and keep up the great work!
    P.S. The Koreans are great at archery. If you're shooting against a Korean at the Olympics, you're shooting for a silver medal.

  4. Apparently S Koreans dominate this sport (at least outdoor archery for sure). I wonder which bow they prefer or in general which bow is preferred for which archery by archers & why? Personal comfort?

  5. I have just discovered your channel and I love it! my gym exam is next week and I your videos helped me so much so thank you!

  6. Great video šŸ™‚
    It's pretty accurate (pun intended) as far (see what I did there?) as the basic rules are concerned.

    One thing that would have been nice to be mentioned is that the indoor targets for compound and recurve are different.
    the "dutch target" (the 3 targets in a vertical line) for recurve has a bigger 10, which is split into two sections:
    the "regular" 10 and the "x".
    hitting the "x" counts as a 10 but when a tie occurs, the person/team with the most "x"s in that set will win the set.
    Compound, however, does not have the "outer" 10 (only the x) since compound shooters have all kinds of tools that make them more accurate (release aid, maginifying scopes and a water spirit for example).

    Feel free to ask any questions as a response on and I'll try to answer them šŸ™‚

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