The Next Generation Space Suit
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The Next Generation Space Suit

August 31, 2019

TED SOUTHERN: A space suit is
an enclosure to protect a human being from the extreme
environments of space. The classic way of talking
about an EVA suit is a spaceship for one. So how is it possible for two
guys to make space suits that historically have been built
by whole teams of people? How is it possible? Maybe we shouldn’t
be doing this. My name is Ted Southern. We are here at the Final
Frontier Design studio. NIK MOISEEV: [SPEAKING RUSSIAN] TED SOUTHERN: I moved to New
York and told people I wanted to make body armor for a living,
and that was really my goal in life. And I was lucky, within about a
year of living here, to find a costume shop, Izquierdo
Studios in Chelsea, that actually did make body armor. And 10 years at Izquierdo Studio
taught me a lot of different things about a lot
of different materials. I still do costuming
now independently. I got started making wings for
Victoria’s Secret, and I’m still doing that now. I actually see a lot of
commonality between costuming and space suits. You’re obviously building
for the human body. You want something to be
comfortable and functional. I suppose, on paper, I would be
the creative one coming up with crazy ideas and Nik
would keep me in line. But sometimes it’s the
other way around. With space suits, it’s
a longer process. There’s generally a little bit
more money involved, a little bit higher technology. But I really see it as a
continuum, and there’s a great deal of relation. And Nik and I were competitors
in the 2007 Astronaut Glove Competition, which is part of
NASA’s Centennial Challenges, sort of like the X PRIZES. The challenge was to redesign
a space suit glove to have lower torque and higher mobility
than NASA’s current technology. With the glove, it’s been
a consistent problem. It’s sort of the weak point of
design for a space suit. It is the most functional part
of the suit, and a critical part of astronaut efficiency. Neither one of us won in 2007. And I gave you a ride
back to New York City afterwards, right? NIK MOISEEV: Right. TED SOUTHERN: And kind
of never thought I would see him again. But he kept in touch through
email, and we decided to become partners for the 2009
Astronaut Glove Competition. And we outperformed NASA’s
current technology and won some money. We won second place and formed
an LLC from there. So here at Final Frontier
Design, we are working specifically on IVA suits now. We’re trying to meet a market
demand in the new commercial space industry for launch
and reentry suits. TED SOUTHERN: This is a vacuum
chamber glove box. It pulls pressure out from
inside this chamber and mimics that pressure differential you
would have inside a suit. The gloves are obviously really
important to test on their own as much as possible,
because it really is the human interaction with space. It’s how humans get work done,
is with their hands. But we can go in here and try
different tests for dexterity. One of the ones that I
think is particularly hard is this peg board. Last time I was at the Johnson
Space Center, we used their vacuum chamber glove box,
and inside they had a Rubik’s cube. So I felt like I needed a
Rubik’s cube in my vacuum chamber as well. So this is what we call the
Frontier Prime, it’s our first full-body pressure garment. This suit was a collaboration
between the two of us, Nikolay built the outer garment. So this is what we call
the 2G suit, the second generation suit. The real advantage of this suit
is it’s almost entirely single layer. So it is a challenge for two
guys to be making space suits when historically it’s been the dominion of crews of engineers. But we’ve made a lot of
accomplishments so far. Obviously, we started with
gloves, which are one of the most specific and heavy-designed
parts of a space suit. And we’ve made a great deal of
improvements over the years in not just our gloves, but
obviously we’ve moved on to a whole suit. We’re testing at levels that
NASA tests at, as far as leakage rates, as far as range
of motion, as far as cycling, as far as torque. TED SOUTHERN: It’s low weight. It’s low mass, which is a huge
driver in space travel. There are generally considered
to be two kinds of space suits. One is an IVA suit, which is
sort of a launch, reentry, and docking suit. IVA is Intra-Vehicular
Activity. The EVA suits, Extra-Vehicular
Activity, are a lot more complicated. They have life support generally
on their back. They have enclosures over the
pressure garment that protect from thermal extremes, micrometeoroids, sometimes radiation. Even before Americans were
going to space, they were going to very high altitudes
where they needed protection from the extreme environment. And I think the most classic
case of– the pioneer of that is Wiley Post. He’s an early aviator who did
a lot of experience with pressure garments. He had a distinct advantage
because he only had one eye, so he could turn the visor of
his helmet to one side and get good peripheral vision. He used pretty crude and
rudimentary things– squirrel fur and really thick rubber and
very restricted mobility– and was very dependent on the
capsule that he was in. NIK MOISEEV: [SPEAKING RUSSIAN] TED SOUTHERN: Obviously, with
NASA, space suits improved quite a bit. The Mercury suits were much
more anthropomorphic and functional, but we didn’t
see EVA until Gemini. The Apollo suits that went to
the Moon were even a great deal more functional than the
Gemini suits who only saw limited EVA. -I like to skip along. -Not me, boy. Skip. -Well, whatever you call it. NIK MOISEEV: [SPEAKING RUSSIAN] TED SOUTHERN: Today’s current
EMU has a really long lifespan on orbit. It’s capable of 8 to 10 hour
EVAs, through a great variety of sizes of people. There are females and males
who are doing work in space suits now. So it’s come a long way since
Wiley Post for sure. -Wave for the camera. That’s good. All right. NIK MOISEEV: [SPEAKING RUSSIAN] TED SOUTHERN: So I’m pretty
excited about the waist belt. We really need to
work on that. NIK MOISEEV: I am
so hungry that– TED SOUTHERN: Are you hungry? But we just ate. So in June of this year, June
of 2012, we launched a Kickstarter campaign to help
us support our new company, and to really sort of announce
that we’re ready to build a flight-certified suit. So thank you for your
Kickstarter support. All right. NIK MOISEEV: Give me five. TED SOUTHERN: We were
successful. We reached our funding goals. But I think more importantly
than that, we got customers. We got press. We got people aware
of our project. We are working now with
Zero2Infinity, which is, as I mentioned, the Spanish
high-altitude balloon company. I think it’ll give a lot of
validation to work at altitude and to test these suits in
flight before they start going on rockets. So we’re really excited
be working with them. It’s exciting for us to be
around in this time where the commercial industry is just
starting to exist. I think there’s a lot of very
optimistic people saying next year we’ll fly. It’s a long wait, but I think
it’s really exciting that it’s actually happening. And I think once the industry
gains a little bit of traction, it will really
expand quite quickly. It’s part of human destiny
to move beyond Earth. It may take a long time,
but I think that it’s part of our future. There’s a great William
Burroughs quote where he says human beings are not destined
to remain human beings any more than a tadpole is destined
to remain a tadpole. We will evolve. We will move on past Earth. NIK MOISEEV: [SPEAKING RUSSIAN].

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  1. A simple explanation of how NASA contradicted themselves: Air conditioning does not work in the vacuum of space.

    A vacuum is a condition of nothingness where there are no molecules. Vacuums exist in degrees. Some scientists tell us that there is no such thing as an absolute vacuum. Space is the closest thing to an absolute vacuum that is known to us. There are so few molecules present in most areas of what we know as "space" that any concept of "hot" or "cold" is impossible to measure. A vacuum is a perfect insulator. That is why a "Thermos" or vacuum bottle is used to store hot or cold liquids in order to maintain the temperature for the longest time possible without re-heating or re-cooling.

    Radiation of all types will travel through a vacuum but will not affect the vacuum. Radiant heat from the sun travels through the vacuum of space but does not "warm" space. In fact the radiant heat of the sun has no affect whatsoever until it strikes matter. Molecular movement will increase in direct proportion to the radiant energy which is absorbed by matter. The time it takes to heat matter exposed to direct sunlight in space is determined by its color, its elemental properties, its distance from the sun, and its rate of absorption of radiant heat energy. Space is NOT hot. Space is NOT cold.

    Objects which are heated cannot be cooled by space. In order for an object to cool it must first be removed from direct sunlight. Objects which are in the shadow of another object will eventually cool but not because space is "cold". Space is not cold. Hot and cold do not exist in the vacuum of space. Objects cool because the laws of motion dictate that the molecules of the object will slow down due to the resistance resulting from striking other molecules until eventually all motion will stop provided the object is sheltered from the direct and/or indirect radiation of the sun and that there is no other source of heat. Since the vacuum of space is the perfect insulator objects take a very long time to cool even when removed from all sources of heat, radiated or otherwise.

    NASA insists the space suits the astronauts supposedly wore on the lunar surface were air conditioned. An air conditioner cannot, and will not work without a heat exchanger. A heat exchanger simply takes heat gathered in a medium such as freon from one place and transfers it to another place. This requires a medium of molecules which can absorb and transfer the heat such as an atmosphere or water. An air conditioner will not and cannot work in a vacuum. A space suit surrounded by a vacuum cannot transfer heat from the inside of the suit to any other place. The vacuum, remember, is a perfect insulator. A man would roast in his suit in such a circumstance.

    NASA claims the spacesuits were cooled by a water system which was piped around the body, then through a system of coils sheltered from the sun in the backpack. NASA claims that water was sprayed on the coils causing a coating of ice to form. The ice then supposedly absorbed the tremendous heat collected in the water and evaporated into space. There are two problems with this that cannot be explained away. 1) The amount of water needed to be carried by the astronauts in order to make this work for even a very small length of time in the direct 55 degrees over the boiling point of water (210 degrees F at sea level on Earth) heat of the sun could not have possibly been carried by the astronauts. 2) NASA has since claimed that they found ice in moon craters. NASA claims that ice sheltered from the direct rays of the sun will NOT evaporate destroying their own bogus "air conditioning" explanation. – William Cooper

  2. how is this a space suit without a darker reflecting lens to reflect the Sun if you just have some clear helmet everytime you look at the Sun it's going to hurt your eyes maybe try to create an actual suit instead of making something that looks cool for like some movie be realistic here

  3. If you think you know everything about the space suit, tell me how Apollo astronaut cooled them under the sunshine that raises the temp up to 250 Farenhieght. They should be dead on the moon under the sun shine unless that was just a studio video. Don't tell me they have air conditioning units. It will not work in the vacuum. No convection.

  4. that russian dude reminds me so much of that crazy russian doctor from marvel's agent Carter. he even fiddles with his ring in the exact same way

  5. "A space suit is an enclosure to protect a human being from, the extreme environments of space."
    Why do people inject retarded filler like this?
    Really? Wow…informative. I didn't realize a space suit was an enclosure to protect humans from the extreme conditions in space.
    I thought space suits were the Balinese costumes worn during meditation in the Agni Hotra ceremonial fire space.

  6. Russian and American working together – in this case for something positive like scientific progress.

  7. I like this, seeing two people from two diffrent places which used to hate each other, now working together for greater success. It's surprising to see how human have changed along these years.

  8. You know those big bulky iron deep diving suits from the 1800's? When you think about it, they are kind of like first generation space suits

  9. Yep, this video IS a fucking joke. Neither I nor MANY other people give two flying fucks about the wings you made for the pathetic victorias secret models. I for one was actually looking for a video that will tell me if space suits will ever look and form more to the human body instead of being so bulky. 25% into the video and we're still fucking stuck on the present "suits" and bullshit wings. Get the fuck out of here with your misleading channel.

  10. This is fucking stupid, why didn't they show them testing it in a vacuum chamber. It's one thing to make a pressurized suit. But get in it, and go in a chamber and get up and run around.

  11. Spacesuits need to be thin and fit to your body like the movie the Martian becoming a multiplanetary species is going to be hard if we sre constantly fighting these big bulky space suits i hope they create something like whats in the Martian movie. I wish i could pitch some of my ideas to spacex or nasa i have so many ideas for mars and habitats and stuff like that but how do i actually get people to hear my ideas 🙁

  12. Have you fellows ever thought about a fluid filled suit rather than air filled. The one layer design lends itself to the concept. You do know about liquid oxygen suits for diving, right? They use Oxygenated Fluorocarbon Emulsion… Such as space suit would definitely extend the period of time the suit can operate immensely.

  13. The ones from the TV show "The Expanse" and those from the game "Mass Effect" look pretty awesome. Let's make those for real😊

  14. the vacuum pressure on the moon was 10 to the negative 17 torr please explain to me how the hell a fabric suit that is hand stitched at 4.3 psi can withstand 1,933,677,470,204,171.00 QUADRILLION pounds of pressure per inch force felt by your internal organs wanting to explode into the vacuum of space???

    people have been kept stupid for a long time they think pressure is an outside force like a sub in the ocean and a pressurized object in a vacuum doesn't great a pressure effect. its sure does and the study of vacuum pressure is more that enough to prove NASA science is bullshit and space travel is the Santa clause for adults!

  15. I think ill buy that suit when i visit Elon musk's colony on mars they are saying the suit is comfortable i hope they have a snack compartment in the head gear.

  16. 10:34 Wrong translation. I do not speak russian ang know that it is Russian Cosmos (why?🤦‍♂️🤦‍♂️) it is Roscosmoc the russian space agency

  17. 4:42 Find someone who looks at you like this.
    Also how is the guy on the right even qualified to design space suits? He's just taping and screwing trash together and calls it a costume.

  18. Just open the secret development to the public to help out. And there would be a revolution in progress. These suits look like shit.

  19. This is without a doubt the company I will use to build Mad Mike Hughes's space suit as well as my supersonic racing suit. The combination of knowledge and creativeness is perfect. I need to get in contact with Final Frontier.

  20. How can they keep them fakesuits cool in space vaccum.. Cannot radiate heat in a vaccum. There is no way to remove the heat from whatever cooling fluid they uss

  21. They never been to space. How could they possibly know how to build a fakesuit to withstand that vaccum. They don't. Just build anything that comes along. All names zodiac.

  22. You 2 are Brainwashed to the max. We didn't evolve from anything. We were made. We are protien, the protiens are made by the lipisones. They are also protien, so "WHO" made the lipisones. Proving impossible to have come from space. Protien only last a couple of days

  23. NASA provides the resources and the private sector provides the creativity. That's an over generalization but that seems to be the trend.

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