In 1990, the federation of six republics
that made up Yugoslavia was still united. But with the collapse of communism the two major republics, Serbia and Croatia,
fell under the sway of rival nacionalisms. Serbia’s President, Slobodan Milošević,
had been the first to inflame his people. The Serb threat provoked the people of
neighbouring Croatia to respond. In their first free elections they chose the nationalist, Franjo Tuđman,
as their President.