The Craziest Solar System Model EVER!
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The Craziest Solar System Model EVER!

October 8, 2019

This episode was made possible by generous supporters on Patreon. Hey Crazies. We hit 100,000 subscribers! What?! I can’t believe this many people were like:
Yeah, I’ll watch some more of this guy. Thank you all so much for watching. Let celebrate! The sheer size of 100,000 is demanding a scale video. A while back, I did one showing the Earth
and Moon. At a scale of 52,800,000 to 1, the Earth and the Moon where the size of a basketball and tennis ball. But why stop there?! Rule number 4 here in the asylum is
“Go big or go home.” Let’s take one more step out and do the
entire solar system! But, just to keep things interesting, let’s
lay down some ground rules. One! We’ll be using the same scale we used in
the Earth/Moon video: 52,800,000 to 1. Two! For each astronomical object, there will also
be a normal-sized object. Just like the Earth and the Moon where a basketball and a tennis ball, we’ll be doing the same for all the
other planets and the Sun. Three! Both the size of the objects and the distances
between them will be to the same scale. I’m going to need some adventure clones. Go go go! Go go! Places to be! Go! The natural place to start a solar system
video is with the Sun: That yellow-white star at the center of our solar system. It contains 99.8% of the solar system’s
mass. For some perspective, let’s say the mass of the solar system is 1000 dollars, the Sun will be 998 of those dollars, which leaves
only two dollars for everything else. The Sun is in control. It’s also really big: 864,337 miles across. That’s a little over 109 Earths just across its diameter. In terms of volume, it’s 1.3 million Earths. That’s big. Does that mean you have to find an object
that’s 109 basketballs across? Yep, and I have just the thing. Just outside Detroit in Allen Park, Michigan,
there’s giant tire that’s exactly the right size. Like, an actual tire made of rubber. It was made for the 1964 New York World’s Fair to be Ferris wheel. If you don’t believe me, here’s a picture from the brochure. This tire is 85 feet or 26 meters across,
which is the perfect size for our scale: 109 basketballs across. Seriously, that’s one of my adventure clones right there. It’s the perfect launch point for an insane scale model of the solar system. The closest planet to the Sun is Mercury,
which is about the size of a softball on our scale. It’s pretty small compared to that giant tire
and probably farther away than you’re thinking. On a map, it’s about 0.68 miles or 1.1 kilometers
from the scaled Sun. A distance easily walked by one of my adventure clones. Here you can see the tire without any trouble. The Sun is still rather large in the sky at this distance. Mercury’s orbit is pretty eccentric though,
so that 0.68 miles is just an average. It’s 0.54 miles at closest and 0.82 miles at farthest. That has dramatic effects on what the Sun looks
like in the sky over the course of Mercury’s year. For comparison, here’s what the Sun looks like from Earth. Next up, Venus! It’s about the size of a soccer ball on our scale. On the map, Venus is about 1.3 miles or
2.1 kilometers away from the scaled Sun, which passes through a shopping center, known to locals as “The Hill.” That 1.3 miles is a sizable distance from
the giant tire we’re using as our Sun. You can’t see the tire anymore, but that’s
only because there’s stuff in the way. None of that stuff is part of our model though. In space, we’d have a clear view and could
still see the Sun in the distance. You might have noticed a soccer ball is only
a little bit smaller than a basketball, which means Venus is about the same size as
Earth, so it’s no surprise it’s sometimes called
Earth’s sister planet and it’s our closest neighbor, but not this close. That would be both terrifying and apocalyptic. AHHHHHHHHHH!!!!!!!!! On our scaled map, the Earth and Venus are
actually about half a mile apart. To scale, these two objects are half a mile apart. That puts the Earth an average of about 1.8 miles
or 2.9 kilometers from the scaled Sun. The best location it passes through is Beaumont Hospital in Dearborn. That looks something like this. Again, the giant tire is blocked by things like buildings, but, with a clear view, you could still see
it in the distance. From the surface of the Earth, the Sun only
spans about half a degree in the sky, but so does the Moon, which is what makes
total solar eclipses possible. Speaking of the Moon, I mentioned earlier
that was the size of a tennis ball on our scale, but not located this close to the Earth. That tennis ball needs to be 24 feet or
7.3 meters from basketball and then orbit around it every 27 days. Now, for the last of the inner planets: Mars. It’s about the size of this hamster ball on our scale. Probably the most obsession-inducing planet in human history. We’ve sent multiple probes. We’ve seen faces that weren’t there. Back in the day, people were convinced there
were canals on the surface. We’d even like colonize it someday. It’s in the Goldilocks zone like Earth,
so that’s not out of the question. Milton can tell you all about it. (Alien Noises) Really? (Alien Noises) Huh. Alright. Mars orbits the scaled Sun at a distance of
2.7 miles or 4.3 kilometers, which conveniently passes through the parking lot of The Henry Ford Museum. You can actually tour it in Google Street View. There’s some pretty cool stuff in there. You know, if you like museums. Here’s our scaled Mars at that location. An average human on smooth ground can see
about 3 miles in any direction, so the scaled Sun should be just barely on
this side of the horizon. From the surface of Mars, that’s only 0.35 degrees in the sky. OK, so we’ve reached the edge of what we
call the inner solar system. These are the inner planets:
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. They’re tiny in comparison to that giant tire we’re using as our Sun and they all orbit within 3 miles of the Sun on the map. We define the distance from the Earth to the Sun
to be one Astronomical Unit or AU. That puts the entire inner solar system well within 2 AU. The outer planets are a different story all together. We don’t reach another planet until a little over 5 AU. This is where Jupiter orbits. It’s big and it’s massive. You remember, that 1000 dollars that represents
the mass of the solar system? The Sun was 998 dollars, leaving
only 2 dollars for everything else. Jupiter uses up almost an entire dollar
of that 2 dollars we have left. So it’s really massive, but it’s also big. Size and mass are two different things. You can fit almost 11 Earths across
the diameter of Jupiter. That means you can fit over 1300 Earths inside the volume of Jupiter. It’s pretty much maxed out in size though. Fun Fact! If you added more mass to it, it wouldn’t
actually get any bigger, just denser. If we scale that diameter down, Jupiter is 8.7 feet across. That’s 104 inches or 265 centimeters! What did you find that big?! Well, I didn’t, but just imagine a
giant round conference table. On the map, Jupiter’s orbit is almost 9.2 miles
or 14.7 kilometers from the Sun and passes right through Wayne State University
in downtown Detroit. Home to a lot of really cool architecture and
right next to the Detroit Institute of Arts. That big conference table looks something like this. As usual, we’re including an Adventure Clone for scale. In space, you can see the Sun in the distance
because there’s nothing in the way. I mean, humans eyes can still see the Sun out to about 60 light years, but we have a problem with our scale model. At 9 miles, the giant tire we’re using for
a scaled Sun is below the horizon. The Earth’s curvature has moved it
out of our line of sight. Next stop, Saturn! On the map, Saturn orbits at over 16.8 miles
or 27 kilometers. That’s 10 AU from the Sun, twice the orbit
of Jupiter! At this distance, Saturn’s orbit passes
through Willow Run Airport, where you’ll find the Yankee Air Museum. They’ve got a bunch of old planes, and air force trinkets, and stuff. As you can see Adventure Clone had a really good time. Did you decide to make this crazy scale model of the solar system just so you could send an Adventure Clone to all these cool places? Maybe? Anyway, Saturn is pretty big on our scale
too, about 7.2 feet or 220 centimeters. That’s a much more reasonably-sized conference
table, but still big. Although, its rings make it look even bigger than it is. Here’s our reasonably-sized conference table
known as Saturn. That’s just the planet though. Its rings stretch out to about here. You can fit over 9 Earths across its diameter,
even more across the rings. But in space, Saturn is pretty lonely. When the Sun expands into a red giant, we
should just move the Earth there. We can orbit Saturn and have a view like this every day. That’d be pretty cool, if you ask me. The next planet out is Uranus, which would
be about the size of this hula-hoop. It’s still pretty big, about 38 inches or
96 centimeters in diameter, but at least I have a real object this time. That puts its orbit out at 33.8 miles or
54.4 kilometers. That’s almost 20 AU from the Sun, almost
twice the orbit of Saturn, which sends its orbit right by the Imagination Station in Brighton. It’s the coolest playground set up I’ve ever seen. This thing is huge. It’s right next to a big pond too. You know, if you like nature, but not too much nature. You can fit about 4 Earths across its diameter. It’s no wonder they call these outer planets “giants.” Its actual appearance is pretty plain though,
not a lot of cloud detail. Some might even call it the most boring planet, but I think it’s pretty cool that it rotates on its side. That’s an axial tilt of 98 degrees! There must be some weird seasons. Last, but certainly not least, Neptune. You can see it’s only a little smaller than Uranus,
but they’re really far apart. Neptune is located a whopping 53 miles or
85 kilometers from the scaled Sun. That’s about 30 AU, another 10 AU beyond Uranus! They’re not kidding when they call these outer planets. On the map, it passes right through the Lost Railway Museum in Grass Lake. Another museum? Yeah, I like museums, OK? Anyway, the museum is on the edge of downtown
Grass Lake right on Michigan Ave. It’s full of old rail-cars and stuff. Out back there are railroad tracks, which
is a perfect location for an adventure clone to hold the tube. Uh, I mean Neptune. It often has a dark storm with winds approaching
1500 miles per hour. That’s the fastest winds in the solar system. OK, so we’ve reached the edge of what we call
the outer planets. Here they are in all their glory:
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. They’re pretty big compared to the inner
planets, but still small next to the Sun. Remember, our scaled Sun is the size of this giant tire. It’s clear from the sizes of their orbits
why we split the solar system in two, but there’s even a physical division called
the Asteroid Belt. That’s not the only place we find asteroids,
just an interesting concentration of them. We find rocks of many sizes all over the solar system. Most of them are comets in the Kuiper Belt,
a belt that includes Pluto, and the Oort Cloud, which stretches out so
far beyond the planets it’s difficult to even imagine. This is the limit of the Sun’s control. Any object beyond that is closer to nearby stars like
Alpha or Beta Centauri than it is to the Sun. This is probably the biggest scale we can
use for the solar system and still have the sizes of the objects reasonable. So, was that a crazy enough solar system model for you? Let us know in the comments. And again, thank you all for continuing to watch my crazy face. The last couple of years have been quite a trip. Also, thanks for liking and sharing this video. Don’t forget to subscribe if you’d like to keep up with us. And until next time, remember, it’s OK to be a little crazy. If you want to help support my channel,
check out my Patreon if you haven’t already. There’s also a new YouTube feature called
“channel memberships.” You just click this join button to sign up. I’d still prefer Patreon. They have way more features and they take a much smaller cut, but for those of you who don’t like it for whatever reason, here’s your alternative. Anyway, thanks for watching!

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  1. Minor Correction: At 12:17, I say "Alpha and Beta Centauri" …but I meant to say "Alpha Centauri A and B." Whoops! It's a tiny slip of the tongue, but still deserves a mention.

  2. hubbles diffraction limiit is only .05 arc seconds.. at 500 nm…
    in order to see another galaxy… How big would a radio telescope have to be to have a
    diffraction limit of 1 arc second at a wavelength of 21 cm?
    1.22 X 21 cm
    Diameter cm
    Θ = = 1 arcsec/206,265 arcsec/radian
    Diam (cm) = 1.22 X 21 X 206,265 = 5.2 X 106 cm
    = 52 km (!)
    How can we possibly build a telescope that big???! 52 kilometers diameter

  3. Since all the planets would fit between the Earth and the moon, it would've been cool to see all those scale representations laid out in a field. Too late?

  4. It is evident that we live in a virtual world. Even this proves space and time are one and we're just pawns in a bigger game than we can measure.

  5. It looks like mankind now have the exact science know everything,because I want to give references of some guys pretending same they got exact science.

    1. Copernicus for Sun distance is 3.000.000 miles away
    2.Tyeho Brahe 13.000.000
    3. Kepler. 13.000.000
    4. Newton. 28.000.000
    5. Second/attempt 54 millions
    6. Martin 1754. 82.000.000
    7. Eneke 1869. 95.274.000
    8. Meyer. 104.000.000
    9. R. Ball. 93.000.000

    Sun’s distances from the Earth
    Only 100.000.000 miles difference by Exact Science.

    But as we know now we have officially distance of Sun from Earth 93.000.000 miles away.

    Did you think this is Real???

    Wake up people

    Sun Moon and Stars are lights according to Bible
    Are smaller and closer to earth and above us.

    Sun was created in Fourth Day
    With Moon and Stars for;

    1. Signs
    2. Seasons
    3. Days
    4. Years
    Sun to rule over the Day
    Moon to rule over the Night

    Genesis chapter 1 Creation.

    Let God be true and every man a liar.

    God bless you all

  6. I made one at work at a scale of 1.2 Billion to one. The sun was 8.5 inches diameter, the Earth was about a millimeter and was 77 feet away.

  7. Very fun concept and well done! It's interesting to think that there's nothing between the objects. The solar system mostly empty, with a couple conference tables orbiting a tire. Oh, and a basketball with some tiny critters on it. 🙂

  8. Did you know we have a scale model in Sweden stretching country. I live close to mars


  10. I can't believe I haven't watched in a few months i missed the 100k. I've been with ya for a while and I love everything about the channel from your personality and esse of explaining to the genius of the name and humor of the clones. Keep up the good work and remember…. Its okay to be a little crazy. 😂

  11. 8:20 , you are serious? earths curve moved it out of line of site after only 9.5 miles?
    tell me how much below the horizon you think it is please.

  12. At 4:25 "Venus is our closest neighbour". The planet that is closest to the earth varies over time depending on where each is in its orbit relative to the Sun.

    It seems a bit counter intuitive, but 'on average' Mercury is closest to the Earth. This is because although when Venus is the same side of the Sun as Earth it can get as close as 0.3 AU, when it is on the other side it can be as far as 1.7 AU from Earth. However, for Mercury although at its closest it is 0.6 AU from Earth, at it furthest it is only 1.4 AU away.

    Check out the BBC radio show "More or Less" from 19 Jan 2019.

  13. I thought it was funny when you suggested movin' the Earth to Saturn since I've been thinkin' about doin' that soon anyway..

  14. For those interested (yes I know this is a bit late)
    At this scale the Oort cloud reaches 176000 miles, which is more than half of Jupiter's circumference. So even Jupiter's surface couldn't contain this model, let alone earth's. The galaxy has a radius of 11,434,000,000 miles at this scale, more than four times the orbit of Pluto.

  15. i'm very disappointed that you've bought into the ( crazy ) disinformation program that has excluded Pluto from Family of Planets.

  16. Very nice video.

    Now what, flat Earthers? You all really think this is wrong and Sun is just 35 miles away?

  17. Lots of smiles while we learn!
    It refreshes brain so much!
    Lots of good wishes to you sir, from india!

  18. hahahah fuck sakes!! Why are you making us watch you while, weirdly, holding balls? There's no way of seeing the stupid giant-tire!!! I guess a drone would be useful while standing at some restaurant parking lot..

  19. I spent a little time thinking about the second rule – 'No Pants is Best Pants'. This is very profound. 'Pant' is from the Greek: 'All' or 'Always' – so it's meaning is 'not all' and 'not always'. Of course, one may add 'loon' in keeping with being a little crazy to get a pair of pants ~ pantaloons.

  20. 1:54 as an old Korean saying goes
    "If body is 1000 dollars, eyes are worth 900"
    ie, a blind person is only 100 dollars.

  21. Why are planets cold at their poles, while (fast rotating) stars (especially, ) are hotter at their poles compared to their equators. The sun is hotter at its poles, too! Same is valid for the polar- , compared to the equatorial- solar wind.

  22. The sun as a bowling bowl is a nice scale that makes the solar system less than 1/4 mile in diameter. You can get small seeds for the planets. The moon is only 2.4" from the earth at that scale and the sun is merely 26 yards. Alpha Centauri is 4000 miles though.

  23. Great video. Nice touch sharing some nice locations in the Detroit area. Man, I wish had a drivers license :). City kids, huh.
    Just in case it was not mentioned, there's another interesting solar system model video. Scaled down even further, in the desert. .

  24. Now that you were talking about the solar system can you tell me why the Solar System is Flat like its in a plane?

  25. THANK YOU SO MUCH!! the best way of looking at planets, dimensions and true scales! wonderful!! comparing the mass with money = super!!
    would you please speak about the solar system's missing angular momentum (I hope you say so, in USA)?

  26. here is, only in polish but on flat ground, its show everthing clear in my opinion even without understanding of language. If someone want i can make a summary

  27. This was your lamest video yet Nick, at 0:41 you promised to do the entire solar system, but you didn't show the size of all the objects in the asteroid belt, the Kuyper belt and the Oort cloud. So I was anticipating you'd come true on your teaser of doing the ENTIRE solar system. 😆🤡

  28. I like that you at least measure all distances in (kilo-)meters as well, but if you ask me, you should make the metric system (aka International System) your main system of measurement and place the imperial units between brackets. Because the metric system is what both Sience* and Industry* use as well.

    To even better substantiate the case: the complete imperial system is defined in metric units, while the metric system is defined in real life constants (travel distance and speed of light in vacuum, Planck's constant, radiation cycles from a Cs-133 atom, etc)

    *) Yes, also in America. American companies and factories use (kilo-/centi-)meters, (kilo-)grams and liters internally in the production process and only convert the end result to feet/inches(/miles), (fluid) ounces, pounds and gallons and whatnot in labeling and advertising to please the American consumers.

  29. And that's just the solar system. As human beings, we have a hard time grappling with both the scale of the universe and the time the universe has existed. The scale is so ridiculous. Great video.

  30. I used to work up on the Hill and my daughter was born at Beaumont in Dearborn. Henry Ford Museum is a good time. 👍

  31. "when the sun expands into a red giant, we should just move the earth there" 9:30 .. we are really crazies.. I just was thinking to move all the water wee need to mars and manipulate the weather

  32. There is (or maybe was?) a to-scale solar system model in Maine. Pluto was in a shadow box on the wall of a highway rest stop. The sun was on the university campus downtown, etc. I believe the scale was roughly the same as yours.

  33. My request: Give us a little science history about the A.U. – Why astronomers developed and used it, the problems of attaching a measured distance to it, and how this was eventually done.

  34. So that means the earth is only 52800000x bigger than a basketball?? That don't seem right. Pretty sure u could fit way more basketballs in side the earth

  35. 4:30

    it would be interesting if we had been a binary…

    and had venusians like… right there…

    i wonder who would have killed who first?

  36. At the scale of the Earth being a basketball, the asteroid that heralded the end of the dinosaurs was only 0.2 mm, approximately the size of mechanical pencil lead. When I figured that out I was astounded that something so relatively small could do so much damage.

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