South Korea’s archery invincibility explained | Land of Legends
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South Korea’s archery invincibility explained | Land of Legends

August 11, 2019


(SINCE THE SOUTH KOREAN ARCHERY
TEAM DEBUTED (AT THE OLYMPIC GAMES
LOS ANGELES 1984, (THEY HAVE WON GOLD MEDALS
AT EVERY OLYMPICS.) (39 OLYMPIC MEDALS) (23 GOLD) (9 SILVER) (7 BRONZE) (THE INVINCIBLE KOREAN
WOMEN’S TEAM (HAS WON THE OLYMPIC TEAM GOLD
8 CONSECUTIVE TIMES (SINCE THE TEAM EVENT MADE ITS
DEBUT AT SEOUL 1988) (RIO 2012 SAW THE KOREANS (MAKE THEIR FIRST HISTORIC
CLEAN SWEEP (OF ARCHERY GOLD MEDALS (IN BOTH THE MEN’S AND WOMEN’S
INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM EVENTS.) (LAND OF LEGENDS: ASIA PACIFIC) (THERE ARE 141 ARCHERY CLUBS IN
ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, (97 IN MIDDLE SCHOOLS
AND 50 IN HIGH SCHOOLS (THROUGHOUT SOUTH KOREA.) (YANGHWA MIDDLE SCHOOL) (THE SCHOOL HAS BEEN THE
CRADLE OF KOREAN ARCHERY TALENT (SINCE THE 1980S.) Our students have about 4 to 6
years of experience. While winning competitions
also counts, we are focusing
on training them to develop the proper
shooting form, so they can deliver good
performance in high school and to help them make
the national team. Almost 40 years ago, lots of experts in the
Korea Archery Association took part in discussions. When it comes to basic
archery techniques, if the bow weight is too heavy,
it would be hard for students to keep good shooting form because their body would feel
tension and become crooked. So we drew up a set of rules. That is, only 20 or 30 metres
for students in primary school, and 30 or 50 metres for
students in middle school. Now young students do not
have to shoot heavy bows. With a lightweight bow,
they are able to develop a precise shooting form. Foreign archers tend
to pursue the sport from a recreational
perspective, rather than their
stance or form. Korean archers, not
only professional athletes but amateurs emphasise
the form. We have a different mind-set toward mastering
fundamental skills. (KIM HYUNG-TAK IS THE
FIRST COACH (TO LEAD THE KOREAN
NATIONAL ARCHERY TEAM (TO THE TOP OF THE SPORT.) (HE IS THE AUTHOR OF “THE
ARCHERY BOOK”, (WHICH IS CONSIDERED TO BE (THE AUTHORITATIVE TEXTBOOK
ON ARCHERY.) (PROMISING ARCHERS FROM
ALL OVER THE WORLD (TRAVEL OR RELOCATE TO KOREA (TO TRAIN AT KIM’S
TRAINING ACADEMY.) When Korean kids are younger, they train with the rubber
band, an elastic band. They don’t go to a bow
right away, so they focus on form.
And form again and again. But in America, they focus
on where the arrow lands. So they don’t really
focus on form that much. How they teach, all the coaches
have the same direction. They work towards… so it’s all the same technique that they have learned
to the archers. So when they come from
high school to university, they can take off where
they left from high school. Yes, I won the World
Championships in 2013. I had been practising here
for around seven months, before we went to
the World Championships where I won the gold medal. Training here had
a great impact on me winning
the World Championships. It was a big part of it.
I’m sure. There are about
30 company teams, and 30 university teams
for men and women. After high school, you can join
an archery team at university. After university, you can
be hired by a company team. Throughout primary
school to university, you can get
consistent training. Also, you can enjoy coaching
from basic to university level. Students get training
from primary school in an organised way, and the amount of
training is enormous. Before high school, they shoot as many arrows as a foreign archer
would shoot in their lifetime. They shoot a total
of 4,055 arrows for the selection contest. It usually takes months
for foreign archers to shoot 4055 arrows. But Korean archers
shoot that much for a single
selection contest. According to the research
on the four components that influence an athlete’s
performance in general, such as physical
strength, techniques, strategies, and mental state, the state of mind accounts for
about 20% in all events. But in archery,
the mental factor accounts for the highest,
at around 50%. In this sense, we can say
that the mental component plays a bigger role in archery
than in other events. During international
competitions, I take a note of
my problems to be fixed and consult them with Dr Kim. We discuss a lot about how to
be mentally prepared, prepared for high-pressure
competitions. To put it concretely, it is
called pre-shooting routine. You decide a set of
mental or physical steps to follow consistently
and perform it. For instance, you build
mental pictures of gripping with the left arm,
balancing the right arm, your arrows hitting
the bull’s-eye and you tell yourself
to try again. It helps an athlete to
control their nerves when they cannot focus
or lose confidence. Korean archers in the
national team go through eclectic
training sessions. They practise before
a lot of spectators and noise in baseball stadiums, like in the Olympics,
to remain composed in actual competitions. These days, they take part in simulated competitions,
as well. The training methods keep
changing every year. We adopted the mental
training or intense training techniques
from this year. After we adopt something, other countries
follow in our footsteps. For the Olympic Games in Rio, we adopted three or four novel
training techniques that no other countries
have tried. We create an environment where our archers can immerse
themselves in the competition, in the face of
unexpected circumstances. I believe it is not
particularly a gift by nature but the athlete’s efforts
and constant exposure to competition from a young age that makes these athletes
even stronger. In that sense,
I believe Korea has an effective system
to bring up young athletes. You would understand
if you look into it. If you look at how much
training student archers in a small primary school in a
remote area go through a day, and how they make the
national team, I am sure you would realise
it is not done overnight. (LAND OF LEGENDS: ASIA PACIFIC)

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  1. The reason why Korean Archery can get the best results in Olympic games is its transparent system in choosing the member of National team. Even the player who got the gold medal last Olympic games can be fallen in the Next national team. So Korean people commonly say as a joke that “Getting a gold medal in Olympic games is much more easier than Becoming a member of National team”

  2. Because of Genetics….

    Asian people eyes are made a certain way. Which allows light to enter they're eyesat a different[certain] angle. Which varies from other races of people. All races have a specific design about them. We want everyone to be the same or only have a one mind control to not understand all.

    Some how we forgot differences as such as the eyes. Makes us different, to just make fun of. But to celebrate all races, cultures, and who people are. With the same excitement and joy.

    In this case of the eyes and mind, difference is actually good. We can always learn from one another, some how we forgot that as well!

    Which also comes with Training and Dedication to Honing the Skill!!

  3. Don't they feel like they're wasting their lives? At least that's how I would feel after just doing archery for their whole lives

  4. Historycally, korea had been surrounded by Great-population countries.
    The most effective way to against them was higher kill ratio than enemies.
    or, low casualties than enemies. That's why korean's main weapon system
    had been archery.
    Even they loose in some war, Usually they won in kill-ratio.

    2nd reason,,, korean's main campaign was defence than charge.
    70% of mountain terrain territory was most effective for archery tactics.

  5. We koreans were horse riding, arrow shooting people from the beginning.
    Don't forget we Koreans dominated Mongolia and Manchuria even before Turkic and Mongolian tribes

  6. Also there's lack of proper training in other countries elsewhere. One should admit that S. Korea keeps its priorities straight.

  7. Don't make me laugh. The best Archers are in Iran and Mongolia. Those guys ride horses backwards and hit bullseyes in their sleep. Historically the Parthians have been the best archers (Iran).

  8. With video technology at such a high level, why do they only show the head shot, release and target. It would be nice to see the release and than follow the full flight trajectory to the target. Can be done? Yes, no……?
    Why not?

  9. Carole,
    So to devote one's life and energy to master a discipline is a waste of one's life?
    What about a medical doctor, actor, electrician, minister, musician, professor, football player, ski racer, artist, lawyer, plumber, policemen, chef, chess, brewer, baker, baseball player, tennis player, archer, school teacher, coach…. "get it"? What's YOUR life occupation choice?
    Who are YOU to say what's the correct way and choice.

  10. Interesting and informative video, but dislike its stab on other countries as inferior because "its only recreational" or "they don't care about form".

    No, if your coach saids you should only care about results, get a new coach. No half decent coach in the entire world will tell you to forgo form over score. Literally every coach I've ever been taught by has emphasized "I rather have you shoot every arrow with perfect form than to get a perfect 300 round". Why? Because anyone whos done archery for even just a week would know, that archery isn't about accuracy alone, its heavily emphasized on precision. Of being able to replicate that shot 100/100times. Because with modern equipment, accuracy is simply moving your sight, while precision is the ever lasting dream of being able to execute every time perfectly.

    The reason why Koreans are good at archery? Its simple: CULTURE. The same reason why Europeans are good at soccer, why Americans are good at basketball, why china is good at table tennis. Its because as a kid, you grow up around those sports. There is a higher talent pool because there is higher interest. It is literally as simple as that, and with that comes much more professions aimed at helping these interest grow and to achieve to greater heights. Any other reasoning is a direct result of the culture built around the sport, and not the cause.

  11. Why couldn't they have moving targets at Olympic archery tournaments? Like in the good ole days when you were hunting your food and it was likely to run away from you.

  12. It is simple, the mindset and the amount of practice. Everything, literally everything is 100:1 competition in South Korea. You enter to win and nothing else. They shoot almost 100 times more compare to other country. Ergo, better results. It has nothing to do with fun or joy blah blah blah. Results are all that matters.

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