Hello, and welcome to Karate-Blog.net, clear and net Karate. I BANDELIER Bruno, the Net karate teacher. Today I’ve prepared a short video a little bit special. We will not do a karate class. Today we will really make the theory. That’s why I put the glasses. We will do a course, I’ll teach you a little bit … the lexicon … I’ll make you a video lexicon of the perfect karate. Many of you tell me: “I am lost with the Japanese technical terms, with all notions to learn karate. I’m completely lost when you have to make Kihon, all that, I’m lost! “. So I told myself: “Go! I will prepare a current video where we will see a little bit of Japanese notions. ” I do not know much more than you, I assure you, Japanese notions? Then we will see some movement, the different positions, various hand techniques, foot. And different trainings Kihon Karate, Kata, Kumite. All the various technical terms to know to get to sail well in your training in karate. Otherwise, you’re all the time thinking. You are always lost. Here. So we will start with some basic Japanese. You have a table that appears every time. So you can follow along as I say. You follow on the table like this, no worries. It’s pretty simple, It’s pretty simple, you can take notes. I think I’ll make a small PDF booklet it will be easier. But in the meantime, you can take note, it is! So in karate, as in all Japanese martial arts, the attacker is called Tori. Tori is the one who attacks. The defender is Uke. So we advocate said. In reality, it is rather the recipient. Uke, that means, receive. So Uke is the one who receives the attack. Positions is Dachi. Travel, Ashi. Finally, it is Unsoku. But all movements end up Ashi. The techniques is Waza. So technique foot is Keri Waza. Fist is Tsuki Waza. As to measure each time it’s Waza. Punches, Tsuki. Kicking, Keri. Indirect shots all that is circular kick, Uchi is. nudges, Empi. The knee strikes, Hiza. So I return to the Tsuki. Tsuki, mean punch. In reality, it does not mean punch mean bitten. So everything elbow, etc. it’s punch. Here. So then, the different terms in the direction of the art. So all that is before it is Mae. All that is behind is Ushiro All that is side is Yoko. Everything is going up, Ages. Downhill, Gedan. Falling is Otoshi. So we’ll see the different techniques. All that is circular, it’s mawashi: Mawashi Tsuki, Geri mawashi. Then, depending on the height of the art, we have: High, Jodan. Everything that happens here is Jodan. Everything that happens here, the average level is Chudan. And everything that happens at the bottom level, Gedan. So then you are forced to learn to count in Japanese. You have seen, every time, in Kihon, it still counts. I, sometimes, often I’m wrong. But OK, there, we will learn the true terms. 1. it’s Ichi 2. Neither 3. San 4. Shi (or Yo) 5. Go 6. Roku 7. Shichi 8. Hachi 9. Ku 10. Ju Ichi, Ni, San, Shi Go, Roku, Shichi, Hachi, Ku, Ju. Now we saw the different concepts, you will see, there are several terms that we find in the different techniques. So we will sweep the positions, displacement, the Tsuki, all that. Then, positions, we will see all the waiting positions. We’re going back a little so you can see well my feet. waiting position the first we know is: Heisoku Dachi, Heisoku Dachi, are the feet, legs straight. It is standing. standby position. Musubi Dachi, thereof, it is also known, this is almost the same. open foot. Musubi Dachi, is that when we make salvation. So Hai, hello! Is open feet. Hachiji Dachi, this, I already did a video on it. Hachi, because the feet are open. In fact, the shape of the feet, if we put in the other direction because that’s the upside … In Japanese, it is written V, that means eight. And Hachi is 8. This is what we saw, just now. The hachiji Dachi, position 8. Here is formed on August 1 with his feet, August 1 Japanese. So hachiji Dachi, standby position. also called Yoi Dachi, it is the position when it is said in Yoi, when ready. Or Shizentai, the natural position of the body, actually. Hachiji Uchi Dachi, Hachiji Uchi Dachi, it’s the opposite. Another standby position, Heiko Dachi. The feet are parallel. There are many who confuse with Heiko Dachi Dachi hachiji. There are many who start like that, they are Yoi while the Yoi position, that’s it. Teiji Dachi is the position T. So as the name suggests, the legs form a T. It is supported on the foot … Now I’m in support of the right foot and I have my left foot is placed. It forms a T. Renoji Dachi is an L. So that it was the waiting positions. They are fighting positions, but we do not really find in the actual fighting. We’ll find them in kata and all that, but me is what I call learning positions. So Moto Dachi, it is a small zenkutsu Dachi. Zenkutsu Dachi, the front leg bent with the weight a little more on the front leg. The positions then backwards, we will have: Kokutsu Dachi, rearward position. And Nekoashi Dachi, it’s an even smaller position. We are really on the back foot and the front foot, it hardly touches. There is really a position that will serve to counter. There is really a position that will serve to counter. Then the positions where it is at the center instead. So there, we will have: horse stance Or horse stance Shiko Dachi. So I have already explained horse stance that will be used to have the transverse force. Shiko Dachi, the forward force. This is the position of sumo. Kiba Bachi, jumper, as if we were sitting on a horse. This is the position of Sumo because that is the position that they use all the time the sumo wrestlers to push. They are there and they grow. Here, therefore, it is called like that. Then, there will be what I will call the battle positions. fighting positions because they are much more logical positions, much more natural in combat. In actual combat, you’ll rarely zenkutsu Dachi. Maybe when my typing, but if not, you are rarely in this position. We will be Fudo-Dachi. So Fudo-Dachi, this is a position where you’re a little astride zenkutsu, Kokutsu, Horse stance. And you are balanced position and there is a foot off again there. The other, it is a little forward, but ready to go backward. In fact, in this position, you are ready to go and attack, to receive, and balance. There are quite a few in the position. In very little time, you can switch from one to another. We can go forward to back. Here, Fudo Dachi! fighting stance really par excellence. It really is the position one uses most often. Sanchin Dachi, position the hourglass. So there, the feet are tight like that It’ll be a position in melee. Hangetsu Dachi position, it’s a bit like that Sanchin Dachi, but a little more open. It protects the entire bottom. Hangetsu Dachi, also known as the half-moon position because it moves a little. This is the half-moon position. Kosa Dachi is the position, feet crossed. It will be a position of feet crossed. And then another position we will find in the fighting We’ll find it rather in position to arm a kick. Tsuru Ashi Dachi, on one leg. So that, were the positions. Now we will go to travel, Ashi. So you see every time, just now, everything ended by Dachi. Now everything will end up Ashi. So we first: Ayumi Ashi, advanced a step. Ayumi Ashi, I advance a step. Then we will have Iki Ashi, I take a step back. Iki Ashi, I take a step back. Yori Ashi, not dragged. So there, I slip. Not dragged or slid. Forward or backward, but I am on the side. Each time, it’s a jambe.A I push each time it is I push on one leg. So go see the different videos. Tsugi Ashi, not the hunted. So there, the back leg hunting leg forward or reverse: leg before hunting the back leg. Tsugi Ashi. Then we Okuri Ashi is not double. Double not, that is to say, for example, I’m in position zenkutsu and then I’ll move on, I do not two, but without change of guard. You see ? I do not two, but I stopped at the same guard. My hips do not do that. I do not double, Okuri Ashi! Mawari Ashi, there, everything pivot. All pivots bedchamber front foot is Mawari Ashi! All pivots bedchamber front foot is Mawari Ashi! And everything bedchamber pivot rear foot is Ushiro. We saw just now, back, it was Ushiro. Here, everything bedchamber pivot rear foot is Ushiro Mawari Ashi. So there we saw the movements and positions. Now we will see a little bit technical, punch, kick, etc. We will already see the weapons. The different weapons we have on hand, on the body. Then the weapons fist, clenched fist. Let me ask this then, , Weapons fist, clenched fist. We will have already: The Kento, I shall approach for you to see a little. So Kento, are the two joints here. Then we will have Uraken is the reverse of Kento that is to say, it’s either here or the whole fist. One can hit with any fist or with the back of Kento. So it’s Uraken. then we will have Tetsui. It is the iron hammer. A knock the muscle is there. When green, the muscle becomes hard and is struck with the part then. Then we will have Ura-Tetsui, therefore, Ura, it’s the opposite. Basically, Ura, it means otherwise. So I turn around and here, thumb with a hammer. There is the iron hammer. The thumb of the hammer. It strikes with the side there. Then we will have Hei-Ken, it’s the fist like this and strikes with all that part there, with the knuckles and palm. Phalanx and palm. Then we Nakadaka-Ken, then Nakadaka-Ken, it’s the devil fist. This is the major that spring. And then we Ipponken is a little bit similar. But here is the index that spring. The index spring and then held with the thumb, It is true that these are techniques that in the modern karate, one does much more used because it’s a lot of technology still quite dangerous. So now, in a fist. By closing the fist, banging his fist. The contact surface being larger, we may do less harm there, you can aim in the eye, in temples, in very specific points. You can do a lot, so it is true that modern karate, we lost. Too bad ! There are some who continue to learn. I confess that it is very rare that I work it. I should probably, but hey, too bad! Then open hands. That’s the same. Open hand, it was all in the kata. But, you see those making competitions, for example, open hand it has no right because it’s too dangerous. Open hand, if you hit, the contact surface – after you have to be a little trained anyway to not hurt the fingers but the contact surface is still very low. So, you can do much worse than the fist. It’s a bit like a sword. If you put a cap on it, you get hurt less when you have a sword like that. So open hand Shuto, the hand of the sword. So the hand of the sword is here, the whole party there. This really is the favorite karate. Finally, favorite, no, but when you tell someone you do karate, it will make you that. Moreover, even in sign language, that it means karate. So it’s really in the minds of people who do karate, this technique then, the strikes with hand sword it’s really specific to karate for external people to karate. Then the Haito, the internal saber hand. So Haito, it’s the opposite. You Shuto. Haito is here. Here, Haito! Nukite, the pike. This is the pic of hand. So there you have Nukite Ippon. Ippon Nukite is with a finger. Nihon Nukite with two fingers or Yohon Nukite. With the four fingers. Teisho, that’s the bear paw. Teisho is with the palm, actually. It strikes with the palm of the hand. Haishu, the opposite is true with the back of his hand. A knock with the back of his hand. So, we just saw the fist weapons and weapons of hand. Now we will see the defense techniques. defense techniques, Uke Waza. Uke, I told you, it is to receive. I say defense technique, Finally, it’s called like that, but it could be technical reception. To receive an attack, what do we do? Gedan Barai is the low defense by a scanning arm. Jodan Age Uke Jodan: upwards. Age: going up. Jodan Age Uke Soto Uke, from outside to inside. normally, defense forearm, but from the inside outwards. It’s the opposite. Just now, that was it, Soto Uke. Uchi Ude Uke. Here ! Shuto Uke, that’s what we saw, just now. So the hand of the sword, that’s it. I stand with the hand of the sword. And there too. We saw Uchi Uke. But there are also Morote Uchi Uke with both fists. Then it is always the defense techniques. So Osae Uke is pressed. Pressure is what we have in Heian Nidan. By hand pressure. Teisho Uke, that’s what we saw, just now. Teisho is the palm. So Teisho Uke, blocking everything. The techniques we strike with the palm of the hand. Juji Uke is with crossed hands. Arms folded, it can be closed or open. Then Kakiwake Uke, this is a – I laugh because this is the name that makes me laugh Kakiwake Uke is what we have in Heian Yondan. That I am here with the pressure. Sukui Uke is the defense spoon, drawing. We saw it not long ago here in Bassai Dai. Or it can be a picked up like that. Dipping, picking. Nagashi Uke is the brushed defense. The attack comes from there. I brush and I walked along the attack. brushed defense. Otoshi Uke is defense fell. Otoshi, falling. So with the forearm, and come knocking falling. Koken Uke is the defense with the wrist. Earlier, I showed you Teisho. One can only strike with the wrist. The wrist in one direction or the other. That’s Koken Uke, with the wrist each time. This is the wrist which comes into contact. Then we will see fist techniques, Tsuki Waza. fist techniques, we Choku Zuki is the fundamental punch. basic punch. I knock, I’m in position, I hit! Choku Zuki. Oi Zuki, the chase punch, that is to say, moving. Punch while moving. Gyaku Zuki, the rear arm punch. When I arrive, I have my arm back that hit. Gyaku. Maete Zuki, the forearm. I’m in a position, the arm before striking. Kizami Zuki is almost the same, except that here there are the shoulders that disappear. In fact, I go a little more. I pivots about the body. It commits the hips and shoulders a bit more. Maete Zuki, that’s it. Maete Zuki is live. There’s just a lock here, direct. Kizami Zuki, I turn. Was then Kagi Zuki, hook. Shot hook fist. Mawashi Zuki, circular punch. Then Yoko Zuki, it’s pretty simple. Is Yoko, on the side. Yoko Zuki on the side. Then we Zuki Age is going up. So it may be Ura Zuki Age, like that, going back like that. But Zuki Age, period, that’s it strikes here, fist back. It was in Empi. Then Ura Zuki, the fist, there is upside. The fist backwards. Then Morote Zuki, so there is everything suddenly double fist. The double punches, it’s called Morote Zuki. So we will differentiate Heiko Zuki, fists horizontally aligned horizontally. Fists vertically aligned, it will be Awase Zuki. Yama Zuki, it will be vertically aligned fists, but with engagement of the body. This is what we saw in Bassai Dai. It involves the body. Was the body which is in the art. Hasami Zuki, are the punches chisel. So there, the chisel into fists. They come to pass, hit in the hips. Approximately in the floating ribs. Then we will see what is indirect technique Uchi Waza. So Uchi Waza, we have:
Uraken Uchi strikes back with his fist, with Uraken. Uraken Uchi, so there are many ways to hit Uraken. Tetsui Uchi, everything strikes with hand hammer. Shuto Uchi, what strikes with hand sword. Haito Uchi, what strikes with Haito part, the reverse sword, saber thumb. Then we Teisho Uchi, I just hang. Teisho Uchi. I just hit, I mean. Teisho. It was blocking. Whenever you saw, that’s Teisho Uke if you block. This is Teisho Uchi, if you attack, if you hit. We Haishu Uchi, with the back of his hand. A strike Haishu Uchi. Koken Uchi, hits with the wrist. You hit with the wrist. Empi Uchi, Empi, what is striking with the elbow. So after we’ll see the kicks. We will already start with the arms of the foot. We will start with Koshi is the tiger’s tooth. That’s Koshi! The tiger’s tooth. Sokuto, saber. Sokuto, the foot sword. Kakato, heel. Haisoku, top of the foot, it’s here. Kin Geri. Teisoku is the sole of the foot. And Ashi Nukite is the tip of the toes. Barefoot, you have to be trained! Well, there arriving very well. A little practice, you have tight muscles, you are very wrong. So we will now see foot techniques. foot technique, Mae Geri, kick Front. Yoko Geri, you see Mae found before, Yoko side. We will find the same because we have seen earlier. Mae Geri, kick Front. Yoko Geri, kick aside. Ushiro Geri, kick back. Kick back, Ushiro Geri! Geri mawashi, roundhouse kick. Ura Mawashi Geri, there Ura, it’s the opposite. So reverse kick is circular, but in reverse. Mikazuki Geri, we have already seen. This is the crescent kick. the crescent is closed. Tobi Geri, jump kick. Then you’ll have Tobi Mae Geri and Yoko Tobi Geri So Mae Tobi Geri is kick Front. We just hit the front. And Yoko Tobi Geri, the kick to the side skipping. So Tobi Geri, kick, jump. Hiza Geri, are the shots knee. So, knee strikes, there will be: Mae Geri Hiza or Hiza Mawashi Geri. We will strike with the knee. So here, for foot techniques. Now, we have seen almost all techniques. I do not think I forgot a lot. Certainly, I had forgotten. I do Shotokan karate. Maybe there are other techniques. Surely even there other techniques in other styles, all that, which are different. That’s all ! Let’s see now, the training of karate. It’s the same, there are many who say, “I’m confused between Kihon, Kata, the kumite. What do you mean this? “. So Kihon is the groundwork that can be online or multidirectional. That’s really where we learn to do technical. You’ll do, sometimes for half an hour of Zuki for well learn to make the gesture. Kihon, that means basic work. Kata is the shape or pattern. Kata, it allows learning the techniques and the sequence. It will allow you to change the Bunkai. We will see after what the Bunkai. But the Katas, in fact, allowed to transmit karate techniques from teacher to student for centuries but now, it’s true that we have the books, everything. But kata, originally, there was no writing. So it was a master learned a Kata to a student who réapprenait in the next and so on. And it allowed to retain technical. Each Kata is a method of karate by himself. The Bunkai is the Kata, once we learned the Kata. I’m assuming that the Kata, we already learned the Embusen. You learn to do it, full pole, in every sense, to know the well. Then we study. So the Kata, you have to learn each technique to make what is called a research Kata. It’s called the Bunkai. It will decode the Kata to find realistic applications that can be used in the context of self-defense. Karate is primarily a self-defense method. It is certainly a gym, sports, whatever you want. It helps to strengthen, to be healthy. But it is primarily a self-defense method. So the Bunkai will enable us to decipher the Katas to see what the masters wanted to put in it to defend us. And often it’s not what you see first. We see Gedan Barai, we say, is blocking a kick while often it is not at all realistic. And that’s another thing that the teacher wanted to do. Kumite, mean fighting. The fighting in karate, they can either be conventional, that is to say, they are coded with codes, with conventions or free. We’ll see the different fights. We will already see the different Katas. What are the different Katas Shotokan. There are already basic Katas. We’re going to have : 6 Taikyoku: Shodan, Nidan, Sandan. There, we find the one, that’s Shodan. But when account is Ichi. But later it was Nidan, Sandan, Yodan, Godan, Rokudan. Ichi, Ni, San. Nidan, Sandan, Yodan, Godan, Rokudan Then there are the 5 Heian: Shodan, Nidan, Sandan, Yodan and Godan. So we have the advanced kata: Tekki Shodan, Nidan and Tekki Tekki Sandan: The three Tekki Bassai, so both Bassai: Bassai Bassai Dai and Sho, the large and the small. The Kanku: The Kanku Kanku Sho Dan and. Same, the large and the small. Then we will have the higher Katas. Senior Katas, I will tell them: Empi, Jin, Jion, Jitte, Hangetsu, Gangaku, Chinte, Gojushiho (Dai and Sho Gojushiho: The large and small) Meikyo, Nijushiho, Sochin, and Unsu Wankan. Then we will see the different types of Kumite: We will start with the conventional Kumite. What does it mean ? it means that there are conventions, specific codes. This is not a free kumite, one has no right to do what we want. Each one will be appointed, in general, a conventional Kumite. We will know who is Tori, who attack. Who Uke? Whoever defends. And often we know what they do. And more, we will evolve least we know what they do and more, we will approach the free fight. So, the first work we will do, it’ll be the Gohon Kumite. Gohon Kumite on 5 not. An attack on 5 not 1 not 2 not 3 not, not 4, not 5. And Uke fact: not one, not 2, not 3, not 4, not 5, against attack. Basically, that’s it. Then we can put things in it. Go see the Kata-Bunkai Johnny Ganja where it works precisely on Gohon and Sambon Kumite. And when he takes the progressively conventions to get to the free fight. So Gohon Kumite on 5 not. The Sambon Kumite, then, so now we are going to reduce. It’ll be 3 not. Then we have the Ippon Kumite. It’s not on 1un. The same principle. It was Tori was Uke. On a step, you attack. Zuki Jodan or I stand in Teisho. In general, it is work which we have codes. Everyone knows what to do. Kihon Ippon Kumite, same principle. Kihon Ippon Kumite except that here Uke, he left the Yoi position. Initially it is Yoi. Then we will have the Jiyu-Ippon Kumite. It is already closer to the MMA. Besides, it’s called the semi-conventional combat, on a step. Now, normally, in Jiyu-Ippon Kumite base, we do not know who is the attacker. So we know neither Tori or Uke. We do not know the attack is going to be. It is an attack on one is not where fighting position. And it is a step. But it’s still the basic techniques, when we attack. Then allowed to work her partner. Jiyu-Ippon Kumite. semi-conventional attack where there we will approach the free fight. So free fighting, we, will have first: Ju Kumite is much what we do in the clubs. It’s flexible combat. This is MMA, but the goal will not be to win. This really is a fight where we did a lot of things, we try many things. We try to improve his combat techniques, just to get in trouble, to put it difficult to move forward. Then we have the Jiyu Kumite is free fighting. There, in general, has the right to do what we want. The control still remains appropriate. At least in Shotokan karate, one must always control. But here is the Jiyu Kumite is free fighting. Then we will have the fight of competition which is the Shiai. Combat competition, it’s a lot of Jiyu Kumite except that there is arbitrated and with specific rules due to competition. We arrive at the end of our lexicon. So we saw all hand techniques, foot movements, positions and we saw the different types of learning. So if you can remember all that was in this video which lasts still a little over 30, 35 or 40 minutes. If you manage to remember everything, I think you already have in mind almost all the terms that will serve you, finally, that will serve the perfect karate. It really is the perfect video lexicon of karate. Listen, I hope you can use this video a bit like a Swiss Army knife. I would put you a PDF booklet as soon as I have time, I write a PDF booklet for you to find your way more easily. I sincerely hope that you enjoyed this video and it will help you find your way when you do Kihon, find yourself in kata. Well, I hope you have learned a lot by watching this video and I thank you and see you next time on Karate-Blog.net, clear and net karate. Thank you and see you next time.