1966 FIFA World Cup | Wikipedia audio article
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1966 FIFA World Cup | Wikipedia audio article

October 8, 2019

The 1966 FIFA World Cup was the eighth FIFA
World Cup and was held in England from 11 to 30 July 1966. England beat West Germany 4–2 in the final,
winning the Jules Rimet Trophy. It is England’s only FIFA World Cup title. They were the fifth nation to win and the
third host nation to win after Uruguay in 1930 and Italy in 1934. Notable performances were made by the two
debutants Portugal, ending third, and North Korea, getting to the quarter finals after
a 1–0 win against Italy. Also notable was the elimination of world
champions Brazil after the preliminary round and the fact that all four semi-finalists
were European, a situation occurring in only four other World Cups (1934, 1982, 2006 and
2018). Portugal’s Eusébio was top scorer with nine
goals. The final is remembered for being the only
one with a hat-trick and for its controversial third goal awarded to England. Prior to the tournament the trophy was stolen,
although it was later recovered. The final, held at Wembley Stadium, was the
last to be broadcast in black and white. The tournament held a FIFA record for the
largest average attendance until it was surpassed by Mexico in 1970. It was boycotted by most independent countries
from Africa who objected to the qualification requirements. Despite this, the number of entries for the
qualifying tournament was a new record, with 70 nations.==Host selection==England was chosen as host of the 1966 World
Cup in Rome, Italy on 22 August 1960, over rival bids from West Germany and Spain. This is first tournament to be held in a country
that was affected directly by World War II, as the four previous tournaments were either
held in countries out of war theatres or in neutral countries.==Qualification==Despite the Africans’ absence, there was another
new record number of entries for the qualifying tournament, with 70 nations taking part. After all the arguments, FIFA finally ruled
that ten teams from Europe would qualify, along with four from South America, one from
Asia and one from North and Central America. Portugal and North Korea qualified for the
first time. Portugal would not qualify again until 1986,
while North Korea’s next appearance was at the 2010 tournament. This was also Switzerland’s last World Cup
finals until 1994. Notable absentees from this tournament included
1962 semi-finalists Yugoslavia and 1962 runners up Czechoslovakia.===African boycott===
Thirty-one African nations boycotted the tournament to protest a 1964 FIFA ruling that required
the three second-round winners from the African zone to enter a play-off round against the
winners of the Asian zone in order to qualify for the World Cup, as they felt winning their
zone was enough in itself to merit qualification. They also protested against the readmission
of South Africa to FIFA in 1963, despite its expulsion from CAF due to the apartheid regime
in 1958. South Africa was subsequently assigned to
the Asia and Oceania qualifying group before being disqualified after being suspended again
due to pressure from other African nations in October 1964. Despite this,
after FIFA refused to change the qualifying format, the African teams decided anyway to
pull out of the World Cup until at least one African team had a place assured in the World
Cup, something which was put in place for the 1970 FIFA World Cup and all subsequent
World Cup finals.The Portuguese colonies of Angola and Mozambique participated for Portugal. These colonies only got their independence
in the 1970s, while most other African colonies became independent in the 1960s.===Qualified teams===
The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament.==Format==
The format of the 1966 competition remained the same as 1962: 16 qualified teams were
divided into four groups of four. Each group played a round-robin format. Two points were awarded for a win and one
point for a draw, with goal average used to separate teams equal on points. The top two teams in each group advanced to
the knockout stage. In the knockout games, if the teams were tied
after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time were played. For any match other than the final, if the
teams were still tied after extra time, lots would be drawn to determine the winner. The final would have been replayed if tied
after extra time. In the event, no replays or drawing of lots
was necessary. The draw for the final tournament, taking
place on 6 January 1966 at the Royal Garden Hotel in London was the first ever to be televised,
with England, West Germany, Brazil and Italy as seeds.==Summary==
The opening match took place on Monday 11 July. With the exception of the first tournament,
which commenced on 13 July 1930, every other tournament (up to and including 2018) has
commenced in May or June. The final took place on 30 July 1966, the
36th anniversary of the first final. This remains the latest date that any tournament
has concluded. The reason for the unusually late scheduling
of the tournament appears to lie with the outside broadcast commitments of the BBC,
which also had commitments to cover Wimbledon (which ran between 20 June and 2 July) and
the Open Golf Championship (6 to 9 July).===Group play===1966 was a World Cup with few goals as the
teams began to play much more tactically and defensively. This was exemplified by Alf Ramsey’s England
as they finished top of Group 1 with only four goals, but having none scored against
them. They also became the first World Cup winning
team not to win its first game in the tournament. Uruguay were the other team to qualify from
that group at the expense of both Mexico and France. All the group’s matches were played at Wembley
Stadium apart from the match between Uruguay and France which took place at White City
Stadium. In Group 2, West Germany and Argentina qualified
with ease as they both finished the group with 5 points, Spain managed 2, while Switzerland
left the competition after losing all three group matches. FIFA cautioned Argentina for its violent style
in the group games, particularly in the scoreless draw with West Germany, which saw Argentinean
Rafael Albrecht get sent off and suspended for the next match.In the northwest of England,
Old Trafford and Goodison Park played host to Group 3 which saw the two-time defending
champions Brazil finish in third place behind Portugal and Hungary, and be eliminated along
with Bulgaria. Brazil were defeated 3–1 by Hungary in a
classic encounter before falling by the same scoreline to Portugal in a controversial game. Portugal appeared in the finals for the first
time, and made quite an impact. They won all three of their games in the group
stage, with a lot of help from their outstanding striker Eusébio, whose nine goals made him
the tournament’s top scorer. Group 4, however, provided the biggest upset
when North Korea beat Italy 1–0 at Ayresome Park, Middlesbrough and finished above them,
thus earning qualification to the next round along with the Soviet Union. This was the first time that a nation from
outside Europe or the Americas had progressed from the first stage of a World Cup: the next
would be Morocco in 1986.===Quarter-finals, semi-finals, and third-place
match===The quarter-finals provided a controversial
victory for West Germany as they cruised past Uruguay 4–0; the South Americans claimed
that this occurred only after the referee (who was Jim Finney, from England) had not
recognised a handball by Schnellinger on the goal line and then had sent off two players
from Uruguay: Horacio Troche and Héctor Silva. It appeared as though the surprise package
North Korea would claim another major upset in their match against Portugal at Goodison
Park, when after 22 minutes they led 3–0. It fell to one of the greatest stars of the
tournament, Eusébio, to change that. He scored four goals in the game and José
Augusto added a fifth in the 78th minute to earn Portugal a 5–3 win. Meanwhile, in the other two games, Ferenc
Bene’s late goal for Hungary against the Soviet Union, who were led by Lev Yashin’s stellar
goalkeeping, proved little more than a consolation as they crashed out 2–1, and the only goal
between Argentina and England came courtesy of England’s Geoff Hurst. During that controversial game (for more details
see Argentina and England football rivalry), Argentina’s Antonio Rattín became the first
player to be sent off in a senior international football match at Wembley. Rattín at first refused to leave the field
and eventually had to be escorted by several policemen. After 30 minutes England scored the only goal
of the match. This game is called el robo del siglo (the
robbery of the century) in Argentina.All semi-finalists were from Europe. The venue of the first semi-final between
England and Portugal was changed from Goodison Park in Liverpool to Wembley, due to Wembley’s
larger capacity. This larger capacity was particularly significant
during a time when ticket revenue was of crucial importance. Bobby Charlton scored both goals in England’s
win, with Portugal’s goal coming from a penalty in the 82nd minute after a handball by Jack
Charlton on the goal line. The other semi-final also finished 2–1:
Franz Beckenbauer scoring the winning goal with a left foot shot from the edge of the
area for West Germany as they beat the Soviet Union.Portugal went on to beat the Soviet
Union 2–1 to take third place. Portugal’s third place remains the best finish
by a team making its World Cup debut since 1934. It was subsequently equalled by Croatia in
the 1998 tournament.===Final===London’s Wembley Stadium was the venue for
the final, and 98,000 people attended. After 12 minutes 32 seconds Helmut Haller
put West Germany ahead, but the score was levelled by Geoff Hurst four minutes later. Martin Peters put England in the lead in the
78th minute; England looked set to claim the title when the referee awarded a free kick
to West Germany with one minute left. The ball was launched goalward and Wolfgang
Weber scored, with England appealing in vain for handball as the ball came through the
crowded penalty area. With the score level at 2–2 at the end of
90 minutes, the game went to extra time. In the 98th minute, Hurst found himself on
the scoresheet again; his shot hit the crossbar, bounced down onto the goal line, and was awarded
as a goal. Debate has long raged over whether the ball
crossed the line, with the goal becoming part of World Cup history. England’s final goal was scored by Hurst again,
as a celebratory pitch invasion began. This made Geoff Hurst the only player ever
to have scored three times in a single World Cup final. BBC commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme’s description
of the match’s closing moments has gone down in history: “Some people are on the pitch. They think it’s all over … [Hurst scores]
It is now!”.England’s total of eleven goals scored in six games set a new record low for
average goals per game scored by a World Cup winning team. The record stood until 1982, when it was surpassed
by Italy’s twelve goals in seven games; in 2010 this record was lowered again by Spain,
winning the Cup with eight goals in seven games. England’s total of three goals conceded also
constituted a record low for average goals per game conceded by a World Cup winning team. That record stood until 1994, when it was
surpassed by Brazil’s three goals in seven games. France again lowered the record to two goals
in seven during the 1998 tournament, a record that has since been equalled by Italy at the
2006 tournament and by Spain’s two goals in the group stage conceded during the 2010 tournament. England received the recovered Jules Rimet
trophy from Elizabeth II and were crowned World Cup winners for the first time.In this
World Cup, the national anthems were played only in the final. They were not played in the earlier matches
because the organisers (FIFA and the FA) feared that North Korea’s presence – a socialist
country that was not recognised by the United Kingdom – in the World Cup would cause problems
with South Korea. A memo from the Foreign Office months before
the finals began stated that the solution would be “denying the visas to North Korean
players”.==Trophy incident==
The 1966 World Cup had a rather unusual hero off the field, a dog called Pickles. In the build-up to the tournament, the Jules
Rimet trophy was stolen from an exhibition display. A nationwide hunt for the icon ensued. It was later discovered wrapped in newspaper
as the dog sniffed under some bushes in London. The FA commissioned a replica cup in case
the original cup was not found in time. This replica, as well as Pickles’ collar,
is held at the National Football Museum in Manchester, where it is on display.==Mascot==
World Cup Willie, the mascot for the 1966 competition, was the first World Cup mascot,
and one of the first mascots to be associated with a major sporting competition. World Cup Willie is a lion, a typical symbol
of the United Kingdom, wearing a Union Flag jersey emblazoned with the words “WORLD CUP”.==Venues==
Eight venues were used for this World Cup. The newest and biggest venue used was Wembley
Stadium in west London, which was 43 years old in 1966. As was often the case in the World Cup, group
matches were played in two venues in close proximity to each other. Group 1 matches (which included the hosts)
were all played in London: five at Wembley, which was England’s national stadium and was
considered to be the most important football venue in the world; and one at White City
Stadium in west London, which was used as a temporary replacement for nearby Wembley. The group stage match between Uruguay and
France played at White City Stadium (originally built for the 1908 Summer Olympics) was scheduled
for a Friday, the same day as regularly scheduled greyhound racing at Wembley. Because Wembley’s owner refused to cancel
this, the game had to be moved to the alternative venue in London. Group 2’s matches were played at Hillsborough
Stadium in Sheffield and Villa Park in Birmingham; Group 3’s matches were played at Old Trafford
in Manchester and Goodison Park in Liverpool; and Group 4’s matches were played at Ayresome
Park in Middlesbrough and Roker Park in Sunderland. The most used venue was Wembley, which was
used for nine matches, including all six featuring England, the final and the third-place match. Goodison Park was used for five matches, Roker
Park and Hillsborough both hosted four, while Old Trafford, Villa Park and Ayresome Park
each hosted three matches and did not host any knockout round matches.==Match officials==
Africa Ali KandilAsia Menachem AshkenaziSouth America
Squads==For a list of all squads that appeared in
the final tournament, see 1966 FIFA World Cup squads.==Group stage=====
Group 1======Group 2===West Germany were placed first due to superior
goal average.===Group 3======Group 4=====Knockout stage=====
Quarter-finals======Semi-finals======Third place play-off======
Goalscorers==With nine goals, Eusébio was the top scorer
in the tournament. In total, 89 goals were scored by 47 players,
with two of them credited as own goals. 9 goals
6 goals 4 goals
3 goals 2 goals
1 goal 1 own goal==All-star team====
Final standings==In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked
all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition,
overall results and quality of the opposition. The rankings for the 1966 tournament were
as follows

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