kc106

Manufacturers ]

m1  Autozam (アウトザム)

The Autozam marque specialised in small cars and kei cars with many models being re-badged Suzuki’s.  The company is an offshoot of the giant Mazda group, which was formed in the late 1980’s and was ended in the mid 1990’s due to adverse economic conditions.

1990-94 Autozam Carol (Suzuki Alto): m2

’90-’94 Autozam Scrum mini MPV (Suzuki Carry): m3

’92-’94 Autozam AZ-1 mid-engined sports (Suzuki Cara): m4

*****************************************

m6    Daihatsu Global Headquarters: m7

The Daihatsu Motor Co Ltd (ダイハツ工業株式会社) daihatsu-kōgyō-kabushiki-gaisha is the oldest of all the Japanese car manufacturers.  Its headquarters are in Ikeda, Osaka prefecture.  The company is a member of the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group (MUFJ) *keiretsu.  * A “keiretsu” (系列) is a group of companies who all have shares in each other.  This is common practice in Japanese car companies and  helps to limit possible trading fluctuations.

Midget: m9  Hijet: m8  Copen: m10  Move: m11

Daihatsu Kei’s include – Cars : The Atrai, Bee, Ceria (Indonesia), Copen, Cuore, Domino, Esse, Gran Max, Fellow, Fellow Max, Max, Mira, Mira Gino, Move, Leeza, Naked, Opti, Sonica, Tanto, Wake, and Commercials : Hijet & Midget l & ll.   The Daihatsu name is a combination of the first “kanji*” of Osaka in Japanese, which can be pronounced “dai” and the first kanji of engine manufacture which is “hatsu” hence “dai hatsu”.

* Kanji are the characters used in written Japanese (of Chinese origin).

*****************************************

m15  (本田)

The Honda Motor Co. Ltd. 本田技研工業株式会社 honda-giken-kōgyō-kabushiki-kaisha.

Soichiro Honda:  im1  Takeo Fujisawa: pp35

The Honda company was founded in Hamamatsu, Japan in October 1946 by Soichiro Honda (本田宗一路) 1906-1991  and Takeo Fujisawa (藤沢 武夫) 1910-1988  and employs around 200,000 people today.  Soichiro Honda was not interested in traditional education.  His school handed grade reports to the children, but required that they be returned stamped with the family seal, to make sure that a parent had seen it.  Soichiro created a stamp to forge his family seal out of a used rubber bicycle pedal cover.  The fraud was soon discovered when Honda started to make forged stamps for other children !

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) established the Soichiro Honda Medal in recognition of Honda’s achievements in 1982.  This medal recognizes outstanding achievement or significant engineering contributions in the field of personal transportation.  In 1989, he was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame near Detroit.  He was posthumously appointed to the senior 3rd rank in the order of precedence and appointed a Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun.  Takeo Fujisawa, after his retirement opened an antique shop in Tokyo.  After his death, he was posthumously appointed to the 4th rank in the order of precedence and decorated with the Order of the Rising Sun, 3rd Class.

’63 Honda T360 P/up: m16

’67 Honda N360, Honda’s first 2-door hatchback: m17

’71 Honda Life: m18  ’72 Honda Life Step Van:  m19

*****************************************

 m20 (マツダ)

Today, Mazda offer badge-engineered Suzuki models. (see : Autozam)

 Matsuda Jūjiro (松田·重次郎) 1875-1952: im2  Founded the Mazda Motor Corporation.

Mazda AZ-l: ss43   R360: cc125   Flair (Wagon R):cc126

*****************************************

 kc154 Mitsubishi (三菱)

Mitsubishi Motors (三菱 自動車 工業 株式 会社) mitsubishi-jidōsha-kōgyō-kabushiki-kaisha.

  Yataro Iwasaki (弥太郎 岩崎) 1835-85: IM3 Founded the Mitsubishi “Zaibutsu*”.

He was the great-grandson of a man who had sold his family’s samurai status in obligation of debts.  Iwasaki began his career as an employee of the Tosa clan.  The clan had business interests in many parts of Japan.  The name Mitsubishi is a compound of mitsu (“three”) and hishi (lit :  “water chestnut”, often used in Japanese to denote a diamond or rhombus).  Its emblem was a combination of the Iwasaki family crest and the oak-leaf crest of the Yamanouchi family, who were leaders of the Tosa clan, which controlled the part of Shikoku where Yataro was born.

* A Zaibutsu “lit: financial clique” is a pre-war Japanese industrial and financial business conglomerate.

The Minica Toppo Van & Saloon 1962-2011: kc156 kc157 kc158

*****************************************

my48 (光岡)

Mitsuoka Motors (光岡自動車) mitsuoka-jidōsha.

Mitsuoka Akio (光岡 章夫) Is the Rep.Dir. & President of Mitsuoka Motors: pp37

Mitsuoka Susumu (光岡 進) Is the founder and Chairman: pp38

His vision was “to create cars that expressed spirit and soul and share them with the world“.   It is a small company noted for building unique cars with unconventional styling, some of which imitate British vehicles of the 1950’s and 1960’s.  It is primarily a coachbuilder, taking production cars and replacing various aspects of the bodywork with its own custom designs. Mitsuoka was recognised in 1996 as the 10th Japanese auto manufacturer to be registered in Japan since Honda in 1963.  It bases its current cars on Nissan and other Japanese car manufacturers.  It also has a retail outlet in England supplying a limited range of grey imports.

The BUBU 50 Series: my60my61my62

’98-’07 Mitsuoka K-1 mid-engined 50cc microcar: my63 my64   

In 2004, a special edition of the MC-1 was produced of which there were 35 examples, they were fitted with a retro Citroen H Van front end and side panels.

The K-2 is based on the Messerschmitt TG500: my65my66

K-3:my67 K-4 in red, yellow, light & dark blue:  my70

The 1st generation Mitsuoka Ray is a heavily modified Mazda Carol.  The car started out with 3 doors, however, in 2002 Mitsuoka changed it into a 5-door car.  The price ranges from 911,000 yen (£5,734) to 1,359,750 yen (£8,553).   Mitsuoka described the Ray as “like a dignified and graceful flower”.  It received mixed reviews, earning a place on the “Ugliest Cars in Britain” list due to problems with quality and design.   However, it was chosen the most attractive car in Australia !!

’96 Mitsuoka Ray 1G: my71 cc127

The Ray ll: my72my73

The Ray lll resembles the Riley Elf Mk 3: my74my75

2010-2012 Mitsuoka Like: The frontview of Mitsuoka Like (HA3WLDDB).JPG

The “Like” is a rebadged Mitsubishi MiEV electric car.  It gets its name from the Japanese word “Raiku” (雷駆), which is a combination of the characters for Thunder (雷) and Drivetrain (駆).

*****************************************

my77 The Nissan Motor Company Ltd.

(日産 自動車 株式会社) nissan-jidōsha-kabushiki-kaisha.

T h e   N I S S A N   C o – F o u n d e r s :

Aikawa Yoshisuke (鮎川·義介) 1880-1967: IM4 Co-founder of the Nissan Motor Co.

In 1928, Aikawa became president of the Kuhara Mining Company and created a holding company called Nihon Sangyo, or Nissan for short.

Den Kenjiro: IM5 Co-founder of the Nissan Motor Company.

Den was also one of the founders of the Kaishinsha Motorcar Works in 1914.  The “D” in the company acronym “DAT” was from “Den”.   Later changed to “Datsun”, the company was acquired by the Nissan zaibatsu in the 1930’s.

Gorham William R (Reagon) 1888-1949: IM6 Co-founder of the Nissan Motor Company.

Gorham William R (Reagon)was an American automobile engineer who emigrated to Japan.  Gorham would make substantial contributions to the technology and capability of Japan’s fledgeling automobile industry, and worked with a number of companies that would eventually be merged into the Nissan Motor Company.  In David Halberstam’s 1986 book The Reckoning, Halberstam states – “In terms of technology, Gorham was the founder of the Nissan Motor Company” and that “In 1983, 65 years after Gorham’s arrival… young Nissan engineers who had never met him spoke of him as a god and could describe in detail his years at the company and his many inventions.”

Hashimoto Masujiro:  pp36  Co-founder of the Nissan Motor Company.

Takeuchi Meitaro and Aoyama Rokuro were also co-founder’s of the Nissan Motor Company.

Nissan only sell badge-engineered Mitsubishi & Suzuki models: my79 my80

*****************************************

ad22 my96

Smart (スマート) offered a “kei” version of its Fortwo called the “Smart K” in Japan at Yanase dealerships from 2001-2004, with specially developed rear fenders, reduced tyre dimensions and track width, to conform to kei car standards.

my93 my95 my94

*****************************************

my100 (スバル)  my101 Subaru Corporate Headquarters Tokyo.

Subaru is a division of Fuji Heavy Industries …

… and was founded on July 15th 1953 by Chikuhei Nakajima: IM7

Subaru is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster “aka” The Seven Sisters.  It is also a reference to the number of companies that merged to form the company.  There are only six stars on the badge, because traditionally one of the stars is invisible.

Subaru 360: my102  R-2: my103 Rex:  my106  Vivio: my107

R1:  my104 R2:  my105

The 2G Stella  is a re-badged Daihatsu Move: my109

Shinroku Momose (晋六百瀬) 1919-1997: pp39 Designed the Subaru Sambar.

He was inducted into the Japan Automotive Hall of Fame in 2004.

*****************************************

kc159  (スズキ)

The Suzuki Motor Corporation (スズキ株式会社) suzuki-kabu-shiki-kaisha.

The Suzuki Headquarters in Hamamatsu: kc160

Michio Suzuki: IM9 Osamu Suzuki: IM10

Suzuki Motors was started by Michio Suzuki in 1954 and its current chairman and CEO is Osamu Suzuki, the 4th adopted son-in-law in a row to run the company.

The Suzulight Sedan was the first production car to be made in 1955: kc161

Suzulight Carry trucks & vans were the first to use the Carry name & are still in use today.

Current kei cars include the Alto: kc162  Lapin: kc163

Palette: kc164  Wagon R: kc165  Every: kc167

Jimny: kc168  & Carry: kc169

Previous models include the Capuccino: kc170  Cervo: kc171

Fronte: kc172  Kei: kc173

Mighty Boy: kc174  & Twin: kc175

*****************************************

kc176 (トヨタ )

The Toyota Motor Corporation (トヨタ自動車株式会社) toyota-jidōsha-kabushiki-kaisha.

IM8  The Toyota company was founded by Kiichiro Toyoda (豊田 喜一郎) in 1937.

Toyoda the family name was changed to Toyota as it sounded better, and its 8-stroke count in Japanese is associated with wealth and good fortune.

The Toyota Pixis Mega is a badge-engineered Daihatsu Wake: Daihatsu WAKE G "SA" (LA700S) front.JPG

*****************************************

six91  (ヤマハ)

The Yamaha Motor Company Limited (ヤマハ 発動機 株式 会社) yamaha-hatsudōki-kabushiki-gaisha.

YM Mobilemates, a branch of the Yamaha Motor Company, announced the production of the Ami, a micro coupe with a Ferrari F40 inspired design.  The ami was a Daihatsu Opti variant with a dummy mid-engine design body.  It came with the same engine as the Opti’s SOHC or DOHC 12-valve 55 bhp engine.

cus27 cus29

Only 3 were ever made out of a projected 600.

********** (終) **********